Mapped: The Top 10 U.S. States, By Lowest Real GDP Growth

By U Cast Studios
May 17, 2024

Mapped: The Top 10 U.S. States, By Lowest Real GDP Growth
Image Courtesy Of Visual Capitalist

Ranked: The Top 10 U.S. States, by Lowest Real GDP Growth

While the U.S. economy defied expectations in 2023, posting 2.5% in real GDP growth, several states lagged behind.

Last year, oil-producing states led the pack in terms of real GDP growth across America, while the lowest growth was seen in states that were more sensitive to the impact of high interest rates, particularly due to slowdowns in the manufacturing and finance sectors.

This graphic shows the 10 states with the least robust real GDP growth in 2023, based on data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Weakest State Economies in 2023

Below, we show the states with the slowest economic activity in inflation-adjusted terms, using chained 2017 dollars:

Rank State Real GDP Growth 2023 YoY Real GDP 2023
1 Delaware -1.2% $74B
2 Wisconsin +0.2% $337B
3 New York +0.7% $1.8T
4 Missississippi +0.7% $115B
5 Georgia +0.8% $661B
6 Minnesota +1.2% $384B
7 New Hampshire +1.2% $91B
8 Ohio +1.2% $698B
9 Iowa +1.3% $200B
10 Illinois +1.3% $876B
U.S. +2.5% $22.4T

Delaware witnessed the slowest growth in the country, with real GDP growth of -1.2% over the year as a sluggish finance and insurance sector dampened the state’s economy.

Like Delaware, the Midwestern state of Wisconsin also experienced declines across the finance and insurance sector, in addition to steep drops in the agriculture and manufacturing industries.

America’s third-biggest economy, New York, grew just 0.7% in 2023, falling far below the U.S. average. High interest rates took a toll on key sectors, with notable slowdowns in the construction and manufacturing sectors. In addition, falling home prices and a weaker job market contributed to slower economic growth.

Meanwhile, Georgia experienced the fifth-lowest real GDP growth rate. In March 2024, Rivian paused plans to build a $5 billion EV factory in Georgia, which was set to be one of the biggest economic development initiatives in the state in history.

These delays are likely to exacerbate setbacks for the state, however, both Kia and Hyundai have made significant investments in the EV industry, which could help boost Georgia’s manufacturing sector looking ahead.

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